No sanctions will be levied on Airbus and Boeing in WTO dispute

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Introduction

Sept. 26, 2016, © Leeham Co.: It’s hazardous to use the word “never,” but the US and European Union will never impose trade sanctions or tariffs on Airbus or Boeing airplanes.

No sane president would do so. (Cue Donald Trump.) It would start a devastating trade war and the collateral damage on innocents in the Airbus-Boeing illegal subsidies disputes would be severely harmed.

Summary

  • US tariffs on Airbus aircraft and EU tariffs on Boeing aircraft would hurt engine makers, suppliers—innocents in the illegal subsidy disputes.
  • Some key customers order from Airbus and Boeing. Tariffs on one or the other company risk alienating these customers.
  • Sanctions/tariffs permitted on other companies, industries.
  • Canada, Brazil never imposed sanctions in Bombard-Embraer violations.

Discussion

Proceedings

With the World Trade Organization completing the review and rejecting the appeal by the European Union of findings that the EU illegally subsidized Airbus in the launch of the A300-A380 and subsequently the A350 XWB, the US is one step closer to potentially imposing sanctions.

The EU may file yet another appeal, reportedly on a very narrow point over interest rates findings, but in the main, this case is over. The US claims the amounts of subsidies total $22bn.

The appeal of findings by the WTO of illegal subsidies to Boeing, amounting to about $5.7bn, should be completed next year. It’s already been reported that the WTO appellate review will probably reject the US-Boeing appeal. If so, then the EU will be one step closer to imposing sanctions on Boeing.

Sanctions
eu-countries

Click on image to enlarge.

While sanctions, or tariffs, may be imposed on Airbus aircraft sold in the US and Boeing aircraft sold in the 28 European Union countries, they don’t have to be. Sanctions can be imposed on unrelated companies and unrelated industries. Thus, automobiles, for example, could be selected for sanctions.

If the US were to sanction Airbus aircraft with tariffs, US suppliers like CFM, Pratt & Whitney, Honeywell, Parker, etc., could be hurt.

Likewise, if the EU were to sanction Boeing aircraft, EU suppliers like CFM, Rolls-Royce and GKN could be hurt.

Sanctions make no sense.

Key Customers for both could be hurt
eu-airlines

Click on image to enlarge.

One aspect that hasn’t been identified (as least to LNC’s knowledge) is that tariffs on the Airbus or Boeing airplanes would make these more expense for the customers to acquire—and many of the customers buy from Airbus and Boeing.

If the US imposed tariffs on Airbus aircraft, these would hurt, for example, American Airlines—which is a big Boeing customer. One suspects that American officials might have a thing or two to say to Boeing about this.

Are either the EU/Airbus or the US/Boeing going to want to impose tariffs on good customers who will be hurt?

This is highly doubtful.

So once again, what has been the point of the entire subsidy episode?

One Comment on “No sanctions will be levied on Airbus and Boeing in WTO dispute

  1. Pingback: Airbus, Boeing claim victory in today's WTO ruling over Washington State tax breaks - Leeham News and Comment

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