Embraer shows some improvement YOY

April 29, 2021, © Leeham News: Embraer posted improvement in some of its year-over-year financial results today.

Revenue for the first quarter was up 27.3%, from $633.9m to $807.3m. The 1Q20 period was largely unaffected by the global COVID-19 pandemic, which didn’t hit until March 10. But Embraer Commercial was at a standstill, awaiting approval from the European Union on the proposed joint venture with Boeing. (Boeing terminated the JV late in April.)

Embraer reported an EBIT loss last year of $46.9m. It still reported a loss this year, of $33.1m. Adjusted net losses for the two quarters weren’t much different: $104m in 1Q20 vs $95.9m this year. But Net income attributable to shareholders improved from a loss of $292m to a loss of $89.7m.

Adjusted Free Cash Flow remained negative YOY but improved from $676.5m to $226.6m.

Embraer delivered nine E-Jets, including five E195-E2s, and 13 executive jets during the quarter. Post quarter, EMB signed a firm order for 30 E-195 E2s with an unidentified customer. Deliveries begin in 2022.

Initial analyst reaction is below.

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Pontifications: Embraer’s China ambitions

March 22, 2021, © Leeham News: Embraer wants to become a big player in China.

By Scott Hamilton

“We see a huge market potential there,” said Arjan Meijer, CEO of Embraer Commercial Aviation, in an interview with Nikkei Asia. The news outlet continued, “The company expects worldwide demand for 5,500 jets with up to 150 seats over the next 10 years. A third of that will come from Asia, with a large part of it from China, Meijer added.”

However, China presents risks and few rewards to companies wishing to gain a significant foothold. This is especially true for commercial aviation companies. China has high ambitions for the commercial aviation industry. Partnering with China in this sector produced more heartbreak than success.

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Embraer 2020 results

By Bjorn Fehrm

March 19, 2021, ©. Leeham News: Embraer presented its full-year 2020 results today. Revenue for 2020 was down 31% at $3,771m versus $5,463m in 2019. The resulting loss was $323m, compared with $77m 2019.

The company managed to stay cash neutral with $2.8bn at exit 2020, the same as when exiting 2019. Due to the uncertainty of how COVID-19 develops during 2021, there was no 2021 guidance.

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Small jet demand likely to stay depressed after COVID

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By Judson Rollins


January 25, 2020, © Leeham News: As passenger travel trickles back to life, one trend that’s already apparent is a long-term diminution of airline yields in most regions.

This is largely driven by a reduction in business travel, some of which is likely to never return.

Regional jets and small single-aisles like the Airbus A220 and Embraer’s E2 family have higher unit cost, or cost per available seat-mile (CASM), than larger aircraft like the Boeing 737 or Airbus A320.

Achieving an operating profit with smaller jets requires high unit revenue, or revenue per available seat-mile (RASM). This will be difficult to achieve in a world where business travel is still down 70%-80% this year, even with a vaccine – and may be down 30% or more permanently.

What role will these smaller jets have after the pandemic? And will production match this new reality? A closer look is required.


  • Regional jets and smaller single-aisles have higher unit costs.
  • High costs require higher unit revenue to be profitable.
  • Business travel likely slow to return, with some permanently impaired.
  • Smaller jets previously used for routes now in danger of demand fragmentation.

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HOTR: Boeing could further cut 787 production rate—JP Morgan

By the Leeham News Staff

Jan. 20, 2021, © Leeham News: There is risk of another production rate cut for the 787, JP Morgan wrote in a Jan. 12 note.

Boeing already is reducing the rate to 5/mo this year. There are an estimated 60 787s in inventory due to production and quality control issues discovered last year that halted deliveries in November-December.

Boeing 787 family. Source: Boeing.

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Outlook 2021: Embraer faces recovery from failed JV, COVID

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By Bjorn Fehrm and Vincent Valery


Jan. 7, 2021, © Leeham News: Embraer faces the twin challenges this year: recovering from the aborted Boeing joint venture and COVID.

Neither is going to be easy.

Embraer reintegrated the Commercial Aviation and 60% of its services unit back into the parent company.

Recovering from COVID depends on how soon and widespread vaccinations are accepted worldwide.

And, the E-Jet product line with its latest E2 variant has challenges.

  • Overcoming the failed Boeing tie-up.
  • Abating competition.
  • Positive market outlook.
  • E1 customers in one market…
  • And E2 customers in the others.

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Pontifications: Outlook 2021 Series begins today

By Scott Hamilton

Jan. 4, 2021, © Leeham News: Beginning today through next week, Leeham News presents its annual Outlook series for the coming year.

We’ve been doing this for years. In recent years, the Outlook reflected continued growth in commercial aviation. The industry had the longest upward tick in the more than three decades I’ve been involved in the sector.

Not this year. As I wrote before the Christmas-New Year’s holiday period, 2020 was the worst year for commercial aviation I’ve ever seen in 41 years.

This year is the beginning of the end of the COVID crisis. Yes, the vaccines began distribution in December, but large spikes in COVID cases began simultaneously and are predicted to climb higher through the first quarter.

Over the coming days, as LNA provides its Outlook for 2021, readers will see what we believe will happen.

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Pontifications: 2020 Retrospective–the worst ever seen

By Scott Hamilton

Dec. 21, 2020, © Leeham News: This is my last Pontification of 2020. I’ll be off between the Christmas and New Year’s holidays.

It’s only fitting to look back at what is the worst year in commercial aviation—ever.

I’ve just completed my 41st year in this industry. I’ve seen two Gulf Wars, SARS, 9/11, the Great Recession and several economic cycles.

Lockheed and McDonnell Douglas exited the commercial airliner business.

I’ve seen three groundings: the McDonnell Douglas DC-10, Boeing 787 and 737 MAX. I’ve been on site of two significant crashes: the American Airlines DC-10 in Chicago and Delta Air Lines’ 727 in Dallas. I flew over a third, a Delta L-1011 in Dallas the day after it happened.

I worked for the first new airline certified by the Civil Aeronautics Board in 40 years, the first Midway. I also went through one bankruptcy and one merger, each part of the deregulation shake-out.

As a reporter, I covered some of the business giants, including Bob Crandall, Herb Kelleher, John Leahy and others.

It’s been a great four decades.

But nothing compares to the global industry disaster of 2020.

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Podcast: 10 Minutes About Embraer’s Turboprop

Dec. 7, 2020, (c) Leeham News: Embraer studies whether to develop a new generation turboprop to compete with and replace the ATR-72 and De Havilland Canada Dash 8-400. Both of these airplanes were designed in the 1980-90s, although each went through updates and modernization.

Developing a new turboprop has lots of challenges. Not the least is the size of the market.

Embraer’s preliminary concept for a new generation turboprop airliners. Source: Embraer.

LNA’s Scott Hamilton and Bjorn Fehrm discuss the Embraer “E3” concept in the next installment of the “10 Minutes About” series of podcasts.

Exclusive: Embraer turns attention to cargo market, reports Airfinance Journal

By Olivier Bonnassies

Dec. 1, 2020, (c) Airfinance Journal: Embraer is studying the cargo market with a view to launching a freighter conversion programme, sources tell Airfinance Journal.

The Brazilian manufacturer aims to develop a secondary market for converted models in parallel to E2 jet sales and is set to make a decision on a potential Embraer E-Jet freighter conversion in December.

Embraer is weighing P2F conversions for the E195 and E190 E1 jets. The E175 doesn’t have room for a cargo door forward of the engines. Embraer photo.

Embraer was unavailable for comment.

The larger E195 model was involved in Azul Linhas Aereas cargo transportation flights earlier this summer after Brazil’s civil aviation authority granted an exemption for the carriage of additional freight on Embraer passenger aircraft.

“The E190 conversion project is independent from Azul cargo flights,” says one source with knowledge of the manufacturer’s plans. “The idea behind the conversion programme is to get a long-term OEM solution for those fleets,” the source adds.

The Embraer E-Jet freighter conversion will focus on the E190 and E195 models as they fill a gap between the Boeing 737-300 and ATR72 models.

The E190 model is the second-most successful aircraft in Embraer’s product line after the E175. As of 30 September, Embraer had delivered 565 E190s and had a backlog of three units.

Embraer is not studying potential conversion for the smaller members of its fleet because they would lack clearance between the main deck cargo door and the engine, Airfinance Journal understands.

Potential feedstock of E170/175 aircraft is another consideration, although the Brazilian manufacturer continues to sell the E175 model and had a backlog of 153 aircraft and 261 options at the end of the third quarter.

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